What is Hoarding Disorder? There are some new studies that are attempting to reclassify hoarding disorder as its own illness, separate from obsessive compulsive disorder OCD. Specific criteria must be met and has been met to reclassify hoarding disorder from a sub-type of OCD to a separate disorder in and of itself. This will also entail a shift in the treatment as well. Hoarding disorder has always been difficult to treat and reclassifying it may force researchers to look elsewhere for new treatments and therapies. Subsequent to this article’s publishing hoarding disorder has now been reclassified apart from being a type of OCD.
Hoarding Disorder Has Been Reclassified As Separate Illness (sui generis)
hoarding disorder is determined to be a separate illness in the DSM-V, and hoarding disorder treatment is likely to change. This particular study that was recently published reveals that hoarding is a significant psychiatric problem that occurs at twice the rate of obsessive compulsive disorder and at almost 4 times the rate of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Some studies have shown that 30% of the US population has a collection of some sort; however, this can become a problem when: people will not discard their possessions, the clutter precludes healthy living conditions, and the clutter has a psychological impact on the individual as well as others. Studies have shown that there are more differences than similarities between HD (hoarding disorder) and OCD. The comorbidity (i.e. having other illnesses at the same time) associated with hoarding disorder is greater than that of OCD. The Question “What is hoarding disorder” is under review for the aforesaid reasons.
Hoarding Disorder Studies Show High Comorbidity and Symptoms Distinct From OCD
One such study conducted by RO Frost, G. Steketee, et al examined 217 patients with HD and came to the conclusion that fewer than 20% of these participants met the criteria for OCD. Major depression was the most common disorder that was comorbid with HD (more than 50%) and generalized anxiety disorder had a comorbidity rate of 25%. While OCD was found to have a comorbid rate of less than 20% of the time with HD, ADHD had a 30% comorbidity rate. This study reinforces the view that there is growing evidence to reclassify hoarding disorder as a separate condition instead of as a subtype of OCD because of other findings similar to these results. Regardless of how we classify this disorder it is prevalent enough to demand more investigation and more research to find more effective treatments, especially in light of the collateral damage that is done to the family, friends, and community. The interest in reclassifying hoarding disorder in the upcoming DSM-V as a subtype of OCD to its own disorder goes beyond issues of mere taxonomy since there seem to be enough distinctions between the HD and OCD. Additionally, once treated as a disorder of its own, it’s believed that more clinical research will be conducted yielding a more effective treatment for hoarding disorder in the future.
There is a new set of diagnostic criteria to assess and diagnose hoarding disorder; which includes symptoms not typical of OCD. This study may open the door to new hoarding disorder treatment for the illness and would be welcome in that hoarding disorders are very difficult to treat and often require a team approach, time, and intervention. Read more on hoarding disorder. As a Scottsdale psychiatrist I treat these hoarding disorders as well as OCD; usually in conjunction with a counselor or psychologist.